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Effect of fruits and vegetables on metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Authors
 Jin Young Shin  ;  Ji Young Kim  ;  Hee Tak Kang  ;  Kyung Hwa Han  ;  Jae Yong Shim 
Citation
 International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, Vol.66(4) : 416-425, 2015 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 
ISSN
 0963-7486 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Blood Pressure ; Cholesterol, HDL/blood ; Diet/methods* ; Fruit* ; Humans ; Lipoproteins, HDL/blood ; Metabolic Syndrome/blood* ; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic* ; Triglycerides/blood ; Vegetables* ; Waist Circumference
Keywords
Fruit ; meta-analysis ; metabolic syndrome ; randomized controlled trials ; vegetable
Abstract
Evidence regarding the effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on metabolic syndrome remains inconclusive. Using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane, we searched for relevant studies published before 10 December 2013. Of the 383 articles identified, eight randomized controlled trials with 396 participants (205 in intervention groups and 191 in control groups) were included in the final analyses. Fruit and vegetable intake was associated with a reduction in diastolic blood pressure (standardized mean difference: -0.29; 95% confidence interval: -0.57 to -0.02; p = 0.04); however, such intake did not affect waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels in metabolic syndrome patients. In a subgroup analysis, there were no statistically significant differences found according to the intervention period and provision type. Our results suggest an inverse association between fruit and vegetable consumption and diastolic blood pressure in metabolic syndrome patients.
Full Text
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09637486.2015.1025716
DOI
10.3109/09637486.2015.1025716
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hee Taik(강희택)
Shin, Jin Young(신진영)
Shim, Jae Yong(심재용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9561-9230
Han, Kyung Hwa(한경화)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/157169
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