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Safety of thoracoscopic surgery for lung cancer without interruption of anti-platelet agents

 Woo Sik Yu  ;  Hee Suk Jung  ;  Jin Gu Lee  ;  Dae Joon Kim  ;  Kyung Young Chung  ;  Chang Young Lee 
 JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE, Vol.7(11) : 2014-2032, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Lung cancer surgery ; adult ; thoracoscopy/VATS
BACKGROUND: Perioperative bleeding concerns have led to the general recommendation that antiplatelet agents (APAs) be discontinued 7-10 days preoperatively, but this could increase the risk of perioperative cardiovascular events. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the safety of APA continuation during thoracoscopic surgery for lung cancer. METHODS: Between January 2009 and February 2015, 164 patients taking APAs underwent curative resection. Comparisons were conducted between two groups: preoperatively interrupted APA administration (group I, n=106) and continued APA administration (group N, n=58). RESULTS: Group N had a significantly higher revised cardiac risk index (rCRI) (P=0.001). Lobectomy was performed in the majority of patients [95 (89.6%) in group I; 52 (89.7%) in group N]. There were no significant differences in intraoperative outcomes, such as the thoracotomy conversion rate, operating time, intraoperative transfusion, and amount of blood loss during the operation, or postoperative outcomes, such as postoperative bleeding and thrombotic complications, postoperative transfusions, and operative mortality. Within group N, the patients taking aspirin + clopidogrel (n=11) had significantly greater postoperative bleeding (P=0.005), and more postoperative transfusions (P=0.003) and chest tube drainage over a 3-day period (P=0.049) compared with other antiplatelet regimens. CONCLUSIONS: Continued use of APAs during thoracoscopic surgery for lung cancer could be safely done in patients at high risk of cardiac or thrombotic events. However, in patients administered aspirin + clopidogrel, it may be the best to continue aspirin only because of an increased risk of postoperative bleeding and transfusion requirements.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dae Joon(김대준)
Yu, Woo Sik(유우식)
Lee, Jin Gu(이진구)
Lee, Chang Young(이창영)
Chung, Kyung Young(정경영)
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