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KANK deficiency leads to podocyte dysfunction and nephrotic syndrome

 Heon Yung Gee  ;  Fujian Zhang  ;  Shazia Ashraf  ;  Stefan Kohl  ;  Carolin E. Sadowski  ;  Virginia Vega-Warner  ;  Weibin Zhou  ;  Svjetlana Lovric  ;  Humphrey Fang  ;  Margaret Nettleton  ;  Jun-yi Zhu  ;  Julia Hoefele  ;  Lutz T. Weber  ;  Ludmila Podracka  ;  Andrej Boor  ;  Henry Fehrenbach  ;  Jeffrey W. Innis  ;  Joseph Washburn  ;  Shawn Levy  ;  Richard P. Lifton  ;  Edgar A. Otto  ;  Zhe Han  ;  Friedhelm Hildebrandt 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, Vol.125(6) : 2375-2384, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Animals ; Cell Line ; Drosophila Proteins/genetics ; Drosophila Proteins/metabolism ; Drosophila melanogaster ; Female ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Humans ; Male ; Microfilament Proteins/genetics ; Microfilament Proteins/metabolism ; Mutation* ; Nephrotic Syndrome*/genetics ; Nephrotic Syndrome*/metabolism ; Nephrotic Syndrome*/pathology ; Podocytes*/metabolism ; Podocytes*/pathology ; Proteinuria*/genetics ; Proteinuria*/metabolism ; Proteinuria*/pathology ; Rats ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins*/deficiency ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins*/metabolism ; Zebrafish/genetics ; Zebrafish/metabolism ; Zebrafish Proteins/genetics ; Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is a frequent cause of progressive renal function decline and affects millions of people. In a recent study, 30% of SRNS cases evaluated were the result of monogenic mutations in 1 of 27 different genes. Here, using homozygosity mapping and whole-exome sequencing, we identified recessive mutations in kidney ankyrin repeat-containing protein 1 (KANK1), KANK2, and KANK4 in individuals with nephrotic syndrome. In an independent functional genetic screen of Drosophila cardiac nephrocytes, which are equivalents of mammalian podocytes, we determined that the Drosophila KANK homolog (dKank) is essential for nephrocyte function. RNAi-mediated knockdown of dKank in nephrocytes disrupted slit diaphragm filtration structures and lacuna channel structures. In rats, KANK1, KANK2, and KANK4 all localized to podocytes in glomeruli, and KANK1 partially colocalized with synaptopodin. Knockdown of kank2 in zebrafish recapitulated a nephrotic syndrome phenotype, resulting in proteinuria and podocyte foot process effacement. In rat glomeruli and cultured human podocytes, KANK2 interacted with ARHGDIA, a known regulator of RHO GTPases in podocytes that is dysfunctional in some types of nephrotic syndrome. Knockdown of KANK2 in cultured podocytes increased active GTP-bound RHOA and decreased migration. Together, these data suggest that KANK family genes play evolutionarily conserved roles in podocyte function, likely through regulating RHO GTPase signaling.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pharmacology (약리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Gee, Heon Yung(지헌영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8741-6177
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