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Cost-effectiveness of Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Adjusting for Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Toxicities in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

 Soo-Jin Chung  ;  Hye-Jin Park  ;  Min-Chan Park 
 Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, Vol.24(1) : 27-34, 2017 
Journal Title
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Issue Date
Cost-effectiveness ; Cox-2 selective inhibitor ; Gastrointestinal toxicity ; Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ; Rheumatoid arthritis
Objective : This study was performed to assess the cost-effectiveness of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2)-selective inhibitor, non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and non-selective NSAID with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) while considering upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) safety in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods : A Markov model was used to estimate the costs and effectiveness. Estimates of therapeutic efficacy and upper/lower GI safety were based on results from large randomized controlled trials. The main outcome measure was cost effectiveness, based on the quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained. Safety parameters included clinical upper GI symptoms, uncomplicated ulcer, upper GI bleeding, upper GI perforation, clinical lower GI symptoms, lower GI bleeding, and lower GI perforation. Cost data were obtained from patients treated in a tertiary referral center in Korea. Results : The expected three year cost was 3,052,800 Korean won (KRW) for COX2-selective inhibitor, 3,170,800 KRW for nonselective NSAID, and 3,325,900 KRW for non-selective NSAID with PPI. QALYs were 2.87446, 2.85320, and 2.85815, respectively. The total cost for COX2-selective inhibitor use was lower than non-selective NSAID, but QALY was higher, indicating that the incremental cost effectiveness ratio of COX2-selective inhibitor is superior. Conclusion : COX2-selective inhibitor has reasonable cost-effectiveness adjusted for upper and lower GI toxicity for patients with RA in Korea.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Min Chan(박민찬) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1189-7637
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