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Two Alcoholisms: Abuse And Dependence: Nosology issues from the Epidemiological studies of Alcoholism in Korea

Authors
 Young Chul Jung  ;  Kee Namkoong 
Citation
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.2(1) : 40-52, 2005 
Journal Title
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION 
ISSN
 1738-3684 
Issue Date
2005
MeSH
Alcoholism ; Dependence ; Abuse ; Epidemiology ; Korea
Keywords
Alcoholism ; Dependence ; Abuse ; Epidemiology ; Korea
Abstract
This article, (1) reviews nosological issues of the distinction between alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence; (2) discusses the Korean epidemiological trends of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. Psychiatric epidemiological studies of Korean population that provided clues to the validity and cross-cultural applicability of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence were reviewed. Alcohol use disorder has been the most common mental disorder in Korea. However, during the last 20 years, the prevalence rates of the two alcohol use disorders have grown in opposite directions. The lifetime prevalence rate of alcohol abuse has fallen from 12.06% to 7.11%, conversely, the lifetime prevalence rate of alcohol dependence has slightly increased from 9.92% to 10.20%. Nosological issues, such as the vulnerability of alcohol abuse to social environments, the hierarchical structure of the DSM-IV and the prevailing Korean concepts of abuse and dependence, were reviewed as factors to be considered in explaining these findings. Alcohol dependence outranks alcohol abuse and is now the main alcohol use disorder in Korea. But, there are still nosological issues that need to be assessed and considered, such as the validity of alcohol dependence in subpopulations and the heterogeneity of the DSM-IV alcohol dependence category.
Files in This Item:
T200500865.pdf Download
DOI
OAK-2005-04630
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Namkoong, Kee(남궁기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1400-8057
Jung, Young Chul(정영철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0578-2510
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/151066
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