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Correlation between traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder among North Korean defectors in South Korea

 WooTaek Jeon  ;  ChangHyung Hong  ;  ChangHo Lee  ;  Dong Kee Kim  ;  Mooyoung Han  ;  SungKil Min 
 Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol.18(2) : 147-154, 2005 
Journal Title
 Journal of Traumatic Stress 
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Demography ; Female ; Humans ; Korea/ethnology ; Life Change Events* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/ethnology* ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology* ; Surveys and Questionnaires
The number of North Korean defectors entering South Korea has been increasing rapidly since 1994. Two hundred North Korean defectors in South Korea were studied to identify their experiences of traumatic events in North Korea and during defection, and the correlation with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Researchers conducted face-to-face interviews and assisted defectors in performing a self-report assessment of this survey. The study questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, the Traumatic Experiences Scale for North Korean Defectors, and the PTSD part of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Korean version. Prevalence rate of PTSD in defectors was 29.5%, with a higher rate for women. In factor analysis, the 25 items of traumatic events experienced in North Korea were divided into three factors: Physical Trauma, Political-Ideological Trauma, and Family-Related Trauma. In addition, the 19 items of traumatic events during defection were grouped into four factors: Physical Trauma, Detection and Capture-Related Trauma, Family-Related Trauma, and Betrayal-Related Trauma. In multifactorial logistic regression analysis, Family-Related Trauma in North Korea had a significant odds ratio.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biomedical Systems Informatics (의생명시스템정보학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Education (의학교육학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Ki(김동기)
Min, Sung Kil(민성길)
Jeon, Woo Taek(전우택) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9213-6057
Han, Moo Young(한무영)
Hong, Chang Hyung(홍창형)
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