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MRI features of hepatocellular carcinoma related to biologic behavior

Authors
 Eun Suk Cho  ;  Jin Young Choi 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Radiology, Vol.16(3) : 449-464, 2015 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Radiology 
ISSN
 1229-6929 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
Imaging studies including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play a crucial role in the diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several recent studies reveal a large number of MRI features related to the prognosis of HCC. In this review, we discuss various MRI features of HCC and their implications for the diagnosis and prognosis as imaging biomarkers. As a whole, the favorable MRI findings of HCC are small size, encapsulation, intralesional fat, high apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value, and smooth margins or hyperintensity on the hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. Unfavorable findings include large size, multifocality, low ADC value, non-smooth margins or hypointensity on hepatobiliary phase images. MRI findings are potential imaging biomarkers in patients with HCC.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140452
DOI
10.3348/kjr.2015.16.3.449
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
조은석(Cho, Eun Suk)
최진영(Choi, Jin Young)
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