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Distinct features in Koreans with involutional blepharoptosis.

 Kim, Chang Yeom  ;  Lee, Sang Yeul 
 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol.135(6) : 1693-1699, 2015 
Journal Title
 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 
Issue Date
Adult ; Age Factors ; Aged ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics* ; Blepharoplasty/methods* ; Blepharoptosis/diagnosis ; Blepharoptosis/ethnology* ; Blepharoptosis/surgery* ; Esthetics ; Eyelids/surgery ; Facies ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Oculomotor Muscles/surgery ; Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data ; Prospective Studies ; Risk Assessment ; Treatment Outcome
BACKGROUND: The authors intended to present the distinct characteristics in Korean patients with involutional ptosis that deviate from typically defined features. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of 162 Korean patients with involutional ptosis. The patients underwent levator aponeurosis advancement surgery from January of 2006 to June of 2013. Patient characteristics including eyelid crease, palpebral fissure width, levator function, and the shape and condition of the levator muscle and aponeurosis were assessed. RESULTS: Of 279 total eyes in 162 patients, high eyelid crease and levator aponeurosis disinsertion from the tarsal plate were observed in 19.7 percent and 13 percent of the eyes, respectively. Moderate to severe fat tissue infiltration on the levator muscle was noted in 90.6 percent of the eyes. Patients were older (p = 0.002) and the eyelid drooping was more severe (p < 0.001) in cases with more fat infiltration. Levator function was inversely proportional to the degree of fat tissue infiltration (p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: Slightly decreased levator function, infrequent high eyelid crease occurrence, thick and puffy eyelids, low incidence of levator aponeurosis disinsertion from the tarsal plate, and prominent fatty infiltration on the levator muscle are distinct and unique characteristics of involutional ptosis in Korean patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Chang Yeom(김창염)
Lee, Sang Yeul(이상열)
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