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Current Status of Huntington's Disease in Korea: A Nationwide Survey and National Registry Analysis

Authors
 Hyun Sook Kim  ;  Chul Hyoung Lyoo  ;  Phil Hyu Lee  ;  Sang Jin Kim  ;  Mee Young Park  ;  Hyeo Il Ma  ;  Jae Hyeok Lee  ;  Sook Kun Song  ;  Jong Sam Baik  ;  Jin Ho Kim  ;  Myung Sik Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF MOVEMENT DISORDERS, Vol.8(1) : 14-20, 2015 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF MOVEMENT DISORDERS 
ISSN
 2093-4939 
Issue Date
2015
Keywords
Database ; Huntington’s disease ; Incidence ; Phenotype ; Prevalenc
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare neurological disorder, and its current status in Korea is not well investigated. This study aims to determine the prevalence and incidence of HD and to investigate the clinical features of HD patients in Korea. METHODS: We estimated the crude prevalence and annual incidence of HD based on the databases of the Rare Diseases Registry (RDR) and the National Health Insurance (NHI). The clinical data of genetically confirmed HD patients was collected from 10 referral hospitals and analyzed. RESULTS: The mean calculated annual incidence was 0.06 cases per 100,000 persons, and the mean calculated prevalence was 0.38 based on the NHI database. The estimated crude prevalence based on the RDR was 0.41. Of the sixty-eight HD patients recruited, the mean age of onset was 44.16 ± 14.08 years and chorea was most frequently reported as the initial symptom and chief complaint. The mean CAG repeat number of the expanded allele was 44.7 ± 4.8 and correlated inversely with the age of onset (p < 0.001). About two-thirds of the patients have a positive family history, and HD patients without positive family history showed a delay in onset of initial symptoms, a prolonged interval between initial symptom onset and genetic diagnosis and a delay in the age of genetic diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to estimate the prevalence and incidence of HD in Korea and the largest HD series in the Asian population. Our analyses might be useful for further studies and large-scale investigations in HD patients.
Files in This Item:
T201500986.pdf Download
DOI
10.14802/jmd.14038
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lyoo, Chul Hyoung(류철형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2231-672X
Lee, Myung Sik(이명식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8413-1854
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/139855
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