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Exposure of surgeons to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries

Authors
 Jee Soo Park  ;  Jai Won Chung  ;  Nam Kyu Kim  ;  Min Soo Cho  ;  Chang Moo Kang  ;  Soo Beom Choi  ;  Deok Won Kim 
Citation
 Medicine, Vol.94(6) : 539, 2015 
Journal Title
 Medicine 
ISSN
 0025-7974 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
The development of new medical electronic devices and equipment has increased the use of electrical apparatuses in surgery. Many studies have reported the association of long-term exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) with diseases or cancer. Robotic surgery has emerged as an alternative tool to overcome the disadvantages of conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, there has been no report regarding how much ELF-MF surgeons are exposed to during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries. In this observational study, we aimed to measure and compare the ELF-MFs that surgeons are exposed to during laparoscopic and robotic surgery.The intensities of the ELF-MFs surgeons are exposed to were measured every 4 seconds for 20 cases of laparoscopic surgery and 20 cases of robotic surgery using portable ELF-MF measuring devices with logging capability.The mean ELF-MF exposures were 0.6 ± 0.1 mG for laparoscopic surgeries and 0.3 ± 0.0 mG for robotic surgeries (significantly lower with P < 0.001 by Mann-Whitney U test).Our results show that the ELF-MF exposure levels of surgeons in both robotic and conventional laparoscopic surgery were lower than 2 mG, which is the most stringent level considered safe in many studies. However, we should not overlook the effects of long-term ELF-MF exposure during many surgeries in the course of a surgeon's career.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1097/MD.0000000000000539
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Education (의학교육학과) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Engineering (의학공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Chang Moo(강창무) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5382-4658
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Kim, Deok Won(김덕원)
Park, Jee Soo(박지수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9976-6599
Chung, Jai Won(정재원)
Cho, Min Soo(조민수)
Choi, Soo Beom(최수범)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/139548
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