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Risk Factors for Anastomotic Leakage after A Low Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer

 Seok-jun Yoon  ;  Jin-soo Kim  ;  Byung-so Min  ;  Nam-Kyu Kim  ;  Seung-Hyuk Baik  ;  Kang-Young Lee  ;  Seung-Kook Sohn  ;  Jang-Hwan Cho 
 Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology, Vol.23(5) : 365-373, 2007 
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology(대한대장항문학회지)
Issue Date
Clinical anastomotic leakage remains a major problem after a low anterior resection for rectal cancer, so indentifing risk factors influencing anastomotic leakage is important. The aim of this study was to assess the association between risk factors and anastomotic leakage.

One thousand two hundred eight patients underwent a primary resection for rectal cancer from June 1993 to March 2007. We used hospital records and the colorectal cancer registry to analyze retrospectively the case histories of those patients. The operations were performed using a low anterior resection with the double stapling method. All patients underwent a tumor-specific mesorectal excision. Of the total, thirty-eight patients showed anastomotic leakage. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the risk factors affecting to the anastomotic leakage.

The rate of anastomotic leakage was 3.2% (38 of 1,208 patients) with a mortality rate of 7.9% (3 of 38 patients). The overall mortality rate was 0.3% (3 of 1,208 patients). Males accounted for 28 of the 38 patients with leakage, and female accounted for the the account for the remnant 10. The mean age was 53.7 years (33~74 years). The mean leakage day was 11.8th day (3~37th day) after the operation, and the mean hospital day was 39.2 days (7~131 days). The mean body mass index (BMI) was 22.7 kg/m2 (15.7~30.8 kg/m2). The mean operation time was 230.5 minutes (90~425 minutes), and the mean bleeding loss was 519.5 cc (0~3,500 cc).

Significant risk factors for anastomotic leakage after primary resection for rectal cancer were the transfusion amount during surgery, a preliminary colostomy, and nodal stage.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Kyu(김남규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0639-5632
Kim, Jin Soo(김진수)
Min, Byung Soh(민병소) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0180-8565
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Sohn, Seung Kook(손승국)
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Cho, Chang Hwan(조장환)
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