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Perceived risk for gastric cancer among the general Korean population: a population-based survey

 Min-Son Kwak  ;  Kui Son Choi  ;  Sohee Park  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
 PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY, Vol.18(7) : 708-715, 2009 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects ; Alcohol Drinking/psychology ; Attitude to Health* ; Culture ; Female ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/psychology ; Health Behavior* ; Health Status ; Humans ; Korea ; Male ; Marital Status ; Mass Screening/psychology ; Middle Aged ; Risk Assessment ; Smoking/adverse effects ; Smoking/psychology ; Stomach Diseases/psychology ; Stomach Neoplasms/etiology ; Stomach Neoplasms/genetics ; Stomach Neoplasms/psychology*
perceived risk ; gastric cancer ; cancer ; oncology ; screening
OBJECTIVE: We measured the perceived risk for developing gastric cancer and investigated how a range of socio-demographic, lifestyle, health, and psychological factors were associated with risk perception in a population-based sample in Korea.
METHODS: This study was based on the 2006 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey conducted by the National Cancer Center, in which trained interviewers met face-to-face with participants selected by a nationally representative random sampling. The participants included 1673 adults, aged 40 years or older, who had not previously been diagnosed with cancer. Simple and multiple ordinal regression were used to determine the associations between perceived risk and socio-demographic, lifestyle, health, and psychological factors.
RESULTS: Almost half of the subjects (48.3%) thought their chance of developing gastric cancer was lower than that of other men or women of the same age. A higher level of worry concerning gastric cancer was strongly associated with a higher perceived risk for gastric cancer development. Those who drink alcohol two or more days per week, and who are unmarried all perceived their risk as being higher. However, those without a previous gastric cancer screening, a personal history of gastric disease, or a good overall health status had a lower perceived risk for gastric cancer development.
CONCLUSION: This study found comparative optimism about the risk for developing gastric cancer in a Korean population. It is necessary to increase people's ability to accurately perceive their risk for cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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