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Nutritional risk and cognitive impairment in the elderly

Authors
 Kang Soo Lee  ;  Hae-Kwan Cheong  ;  Eun A. Kim  ;  Kyung Ran Kim  ;  Byoung Hoon Oh  ;  Chang Hyung Hong 
Citation
 ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, Vol.48(1) : 95-99, 2009 
Journal Title
 ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS 
ISSN
 0167-4943 
Issue Date
2009
MeSH
Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Aging/physiology* ; Cognition Disorders/epidemiology ; Cognition Disorders/etiology* ; Female ; Humans ; Incidence ; Korea/epidemiology ; Male ; Mental Status Schedule ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys* ; Nutritional Status/physiology* ; Risk Assessment/methods ; Risk Factors ; Sex Distribution ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Nutrition ; Nutritional Screening Initiative checklist ; Mini Mental State Examination ; Cognitive impairment
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional risk and cognitive impairment in the elderly living in the community. Data obtained from 2934 subjects (912 men and 2022 women) aged above 60 years was analyzed from the Gwangju Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment Study (GDEMCIS). The study questionnaire comprised demographic characteristics, history of current and past illnesses, drug history, Korean version-Mini Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), and Nutritional Screening Initiative (NSI) checklist. Additionally, we examined the blood pressure, fasting serum glucose level, lipid profile, body mass index, and ApoE genotype. Of the total, 1942 (66.2%) demonstrated good nutritional state (NSI checklist score< or =2) and 992 (33.8%) were at moderate or high nutritional risk (NSI checklist score>2). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that moderate or high nutritional risk subjects were associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment (K-MMSE score< or =17) after adjustment for age, sex, educational level, and Korean version of Short form Geriatric Depression Scale (K-SGDS) score (Odds ratio=OR=1.71, 95%; confidence interval=CI=1.17-2.50). These results suggest that nutritional risk may be associated with cognitive impairment in the elderly
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494307002245
DOI
10.1016/j.archger.2007.11.001
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ran(김경란) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8375-1851
Oh, Byong Hoon(오병훈)
Lee, Kang Soo(이강수)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/105974
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