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철결핍빈혈 영유아의 식이력 조사 및 이유지식의 평가

Other Titles
 Weaning food practice in children with iron deficiency anemia 
 장주희  ;  정우식  ;  전용훈  ;  김순기  ;  김흥식  ;  박상규  ;  유경하  ;  유은선  ;  유철주  ;  이건수  ;  이광철  ;  임재영  ;  최두영  ;  최병규  ;  최은진  ;  최봉순 
 Korean Journal of Pediatrics, Vol.52(2) : 159-166, 2009 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Pediatrics 
Issue Date
Iron deficiency anemia ; Weaning ; Nutrition ; Knowledge
PURPOSE: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in children on a weaning diet. We investigated weaning practices in infants and children, as well as their mothers' knowledge about weaning. METHODS: We investigated 129 children with IDA and 166 without IDA (aged 6-36 months) who had visited 10 university hospitals between March 2006 and July 2007. We investigated the hematologic values of both groups. A questionnaire on weaning was answered by the mothers of these children. RESULTS: The hematologic values in the IDA group showed a significant difference from those in the comparison group (P<0.05). Children who were solely breastfed until 6 months of age were 85%, 34% (P<0.05), and weaning was started by 6.3, 6.4 months, respectively (P>0.05). Rice gruel, boiled rice, and fruit juice accounted for approximately 8 0% of the starting foods in both groups (P>0.05). Only 40% of the children in the IDA group had a balanced diet within a month, versus 38% in the comparison group. In response to questions about the necessity of iron-fortified foods for breast-fed infants, less than 50% of mothers in both groups answered correctly. In the IDA group, 42% showed serum ferritin less than 10 ng/ mL, while 92% showed serum MCV less than 72 fL. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, collection of information on history should be thorough for feeding and selective examinations for IDA in high-risk groups. Considering the adaptation period, we suggest beginning children on a weaning diet at 45 months. In addition, we need to educate mothers on weaning practice, especially on the necessity of iron-fortified foods for breast-fed infants
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lyu, Chuhl Joo(유철주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7124-7818
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