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Deficits in eye gaze during negative social interactions in patients with schizophrenia

 Soo-Hee Choi  ;  Jeonghun Ku  ;  Kiwan Han  ;  Eosu Kim  ;  Sun I. Kim 
 Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol.198(11) : 829-835, 2010 
Journal Title
 Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 
Issue Date
Adult ; Arousal ; Assertiveness ; Emotions* ; Female ; Fixation, Ocular* ; Humans ; Interpersonal Relations* ; Male ; Nonverbal Communication* ; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales ; Schizophrenia/diagnosis* ; Schizophrenia/rehabilitation ; Schizophrenic Psychology* ; Social Behavior* ; Social Environment ; User-Computer Interface ; Verbal Behavior* ; Young Adult
Impaired social functioning has been reported in patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to examine characteristics of interpersonal behaviors in patients with schizophrenia during various social interactions using the virtual reality system. Twenty-six patients and 26 controls engaged in the virtual conversation tasks, including 3 positive and 3 negative emotion-laden conversations. Eye gaze and other behavioral parameters were recorded during the listening and answering phases. The amount of eye gaze was assessed as smaller in the patients than in the controls. A significant interaction effect of group status and emotional type was found for the listening phase. The amount of eye gaze in the patients inversely correlated with self-rated scores of assertiveness for the listening phase. These results suggest that the patients displayed inadequate levels of augmentations in eye gaze during negative emotional situations. These deficits should be considered in the treatment and social skills training for patients with schizophrenia.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eosu(김어수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9472-9465
Kim, Jae Jin(김재진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1395-4562
Choi, Soo Hee(최수희)
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