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Algae consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2005

Authors
 Hyeon Ju LEE  ;  Hyeon Chang KIM  ;  Libor VITEK  ;  Chung Mo NAM 
Citation
 Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, Vol.56(1) : 13-18, 2010 
Journal Title
 Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 
ISSN
 0301-4800 
Issue Date
2010
MeSH
Adult ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control* ; Diet* ; Diet Surveys ; Eukaryota* ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Korea ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Odds Ratio ; Plant Preparations/administration & dosage* ; Reference Values ; Risk Factors ; Sex Factors ; Young Adult
Keywords
Algae ; diabetes mellitus ; prediabetes
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between dietary algae (seaweed) consumption and the risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Korean population. We analyzed data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2005, a nationally representative survey. The study participants included 3,405 males and females aged 20-65 y. Participants were classified into four groups according to the quartiles of total algae consumption frequencies. Proportional odds models were used to assess the relationship between algae consumption and the risk of having diabetes or prediabetes, after adjustment for age, family history of diabetes, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference, triglycerides, total energy intake and food group intakes. The frequency of algae consumption was positively correlated to the consumption of legumes, fruits, fish, and dairy products in both genders (p<0.001). The odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for diabetes vs. prediabetes vs. normoglycemia was 0.66 (0.43-0.99) for males and 0.80 (0.51-1.24) for females in the highest quartile of algae consumption compared to the lowest quartile. Our results suggest that dietary algae consumption may decrease the risk of diabetes mellitus in Korean men. A well-designed prospective study is needed to confirm this association.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyeon Chang(김현창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
Nam, Jung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Lee, Hyeon Ju(이현주)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/100899
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