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The influence of housing tenure and marital status on smoking in South Korea.

 Seungji Lim  ;  Woojin Chung  ;  Hanjoong Kim  ;  Sunmi Lee 
 HEALTH POLICY, Vol.94(2) : 101-110, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Female ; Housing* ; Humans ; Male ; Marital Status* ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Ownership ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Smoking/epidemiology* ; Young Adult
Smoking ; Housing tenure ; Marital status ; Socioeconomic statusHealth policyKorea
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the most influential socioeconomic indicator of smoking in South Korea. METHODS: This study analyzed a nationally representative sample (6141 men and 7133 women aged 20-65) from the 2001 and 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys. Weighted estimates were computed, adjusting for a complex survey design using "surveyfreq" and "surveylogistic" procedures of SAS 9.1 software. RESULTS: The adjusted OR for smoking in renters compared to homeowners was 1.50 (95% CI: 1.32-1.71) in men and 3.21 (95% CI: 2.41-4.27) in women, and larger in the older than younger groups. For non-married versus married individuals, the OR was 1.37 (95% CI: 1.19-1.59) in men and 3.25 (95% CI: 2.48-4.25) in women; the OR in non-married renters compared married homeowners was 1.79 (95% CI: 1.45-2.22) in men and 10.63 (95% CI: 7.31-15.45) in women. CONCLUSION: Housing tenure was a strong predictor of smoking in South Korea and its significance was very pronounced in non-married individuals. Housing policies to encourage homeownership could be effective in reducing smoking in countries such as China, India, and Vietnam where house ownership is regarded as the ultimate financial safeguard, there are numerous, and traditional attitudes toward marriage are undergoing transition.
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4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Han Joong(김한중)
Lim, Seung Ji(임승지)
Chung, Woo Jin(정우진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2090-4851
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