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Rick factors associated with aspiration in patients with head and neck cancer.

Title
 Rick factors associated with aspiration in patients with head and neck cancer. 
Authors
 Soo Jin Jung ; Deog Young Kim ; So Young Joo 
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
 Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine 
ISSN
 2234-0645 
Citation
 Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.35(6) : 781~790, 2011 
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the major risk factors and abnormal videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) findings associated with aspiration in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHOD: Risk factors associated with aspiration were investigated retrospectively in 241 patients with HNC using medical records and pre-recorded VFSS. Age, gender, lesion location and stage, treatment factors, and swallowing stage abnormalities were included. RESULTS: Aspiration occurred in 50.2% of patients. A univariate analysis revealed that advanced age, increased duration from disease onset to VFSS, higher tumor stage, increased lymph node stage, increased American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, operation history, chemotherapy history, and radiotherapy history were significantly associated with aspiration (p<0.05). Among them, advanced age, increase AJCC stage, operation history, and chemotherapy history were significantly associated with aspiration in the multivariate analysis (p<0.05). Delayed swallowing reflex and reduced elevation of the larynx were significantly associated with aspiration in the multivariate analysis (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The major risk factors associated with aspiration in patients with HNC were advanced age, higher AJCC stage, operation history, and chemotherapy history. A VFSS to evaluate aspiration is needed in patients with NHC who have these risk factors. Delayed swallowing reflex and reduced elevation of the larynx were major abnormal findings associated with aspiration. Dysphagia rehabilitation should focus on these results
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/95107
DOI
10.5535/arm.2011.35.6.781
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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