In Vitro Antifungal Activity of Epigallocatechin 3-O-Gallate against Clinical Isolates of Dermatophytes
Bong Joo Park ; Hideaki Taguchi ; Jong-Chul Park ; Suong-Hyu Hyon ; Tetsuhiro Matsuzawa ; Katsuhiko Kamei
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.52(3) : 535~538, 2011
Yonsei Medical Journal
Previously, we reported that epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate (EGCg) has growth-inhibitory effect on clinical isolates of Candida species. In this study, we investigated the antifungal activity of EGCg and antifungal agents against thirty-five of dermatophytes clinically isolated by the international guidelines (M38-A2). All isolates exhibited good susceptibility to EGCg (MIC₅₀, 2-4 μg/mL, MIC₉₀, 4-8 μg/mL, and geometric mean (GM) MICs, 3.36-4 μg/mL) than those of fluconazole (MIC₅₀, 2-16 μg/mL, MIC₉₀, 4-32 μg/mL, and GM MICs, 3.45-25.8 μg/mL) and flucytosin (MIC₅₀, MIC₉₀, and GM MICs, >64 μg/mL), although they were less susceptible to other antifungal agents, such as amphotericin B, itraconazole, and miconazole. These activities of EGCg were approximately 4-fold higher than those of fluconazole, and were 4 to 16-fold higher than flucytosin. This result indicates that EGCg can inhibit pathogenic dermatophyte species. Therefore, we suggest that EGCg may be effectively used solely as a possible agent or combined with other antifungal agents for antifungal therapy in dermatophytosis.