Regulation of skin inflammation and angiogenesis by EC-SOD via HIF-1α and NF-κB pathways
Younghwa Kim ; Byung Hak Kim ; Tae-Yoon Kim ; Myung-Ja Kwon ; Yun Sang Lee ; Byeongwook Jeon ; Hyangkyu Lee
Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Vol.51(11) : 1985~1995, 2011
Free Radical Biology and Medicine
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is an antioxidant enzyme that breaks down superoxide anion into oxygen and hydrogen peroxide in extracellular spaces and plays key roles in controlling pulmonary and vascular diseases in response to oxidative stresses. We aimed to investigate the role of EC-SOD in angiogenesis and inflammation in chronic inflammatory skin disorders such as psoriasis. Overexpressed EC-SOD reduced expression of angiogenic factors and proinflammatory mediators in hypoxia-induced keratinocytes and in ultraviolet B-irradiated mice, whereas the expression of the antiangiogenic factor tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 were increased. EC-SOD decreased new vessel formation, epidermal edema, and inflammatory cell infiltration in UVB-irradiated transgenic mice. Moreover, cells treated with recombinant human EC-SOD showed inhibited endothelial tube formation and cell proliferation. Overall, the antiangiogenic and anti-inflammatory effects of EC-SOD might be due to suppression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, protein kinase C, and nuclear factor-κB expression. Furthermore, EC-SOD expression in tissue from psoriasis patients was markedly decreased in psoriatic lesional and nonlesional skins from psoriasis patients in comparison to normal skin from healthy volunteers. Together, these results suggest that EC-SOD may provide a novel therapeutic approach to treating angiogenic and inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis.