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Attitudes of cancer patients, family caregivers, oncologists and members of the general public toward critical interventions at the end of life of terminally ill patients.

Title
Attitudes of cancer patients, family caregivers, oncologists and members of the general public toward critical interventions at the end of life of terminally ill patients.
Authors
Young Ho Yun;Kyung Hee Han;Mison Chun;Hyun Sik Jeong;Jong Soo Choi;Sam Yong Kim;Yeun Keun Lim;Chang Geol Lee;Dae Seog Heo;Jung Lim Lee;Si-Young Kim;Jung Hun Kang;Eun Sook Lee;Soon Nam Lee;Dae Ho Lee;Sung Kim;Chi-Heum Cho;Byeong Woo Park;Sohee Park
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
CMJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal
ISSN
0820-3946
Citation
CMJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal, Vol.183(10) : E673~E679, 2011
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Whereas most studies have focused on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, few have dealt comprehensively with other critical interventions administered at the end of life. We surveyed cancer patients, family caregivers, oncologists and members of the general public to determine their attitudes toward such interventions. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to four groups about their attitudes toward five end-of-life interventions--withdrawal of futile life-sustaining treatment, active pain control, withholding of life-sustaining measures, active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. We performed multivariable analyses to compare attitudes and to identify sociodemographic characteristics associated with the attitudes. RESULTS: A total of 3840 individuals--1242 cancer patients, 1289 family caregivers and 303 oncologists from 17 hospitals, as well as 1006 members of the general Korean population--participated in the survey. A large majority in each of the groups supported withdrawal of futile life-sustaining treatment (87.1%-94.0%) and use of active pain control (89.0%-98.4%). A smaller majority (60.8%-76.0%) supported withholding of life-sustaining treatment. About 50% of those in the patient and general population groups supported active euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide, as compared with less than 40% of the family caregivers and less than 10% of the oncologists. Higher income was significantly associated with approval of the withdrawal of futile life-sustaining treatment and the practice of active pain control. Older age, male sex and having no religion were significantly associated with approval of withholding of life-sustaining measures. Older age, male sex, having no religion and lower education level were significantly associated with approval of active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. INTERPRETATION: Although the various participant groups shared the same attitude toward futile and ameliorative end-of-life care (the withdrawal of futile life-sustaining treatment and the use of active pain control), oncologists had a more negative attitude than those in the other groups toward the active ending of life (euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide).
URI

http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/94617
DOI
10.1503/cmaj.110020
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Radiation Oncology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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