콩팥기능이상의 신속 정확한 진단을 위하여 Roche 효소법 검사와 일치시킨 Nova CCX 혈액가스분석기를 이용한 크레아티닌 검사 평가
Creatinine Determination by Nova CCX Analyzer Harmonized with the Roche Enzymatic Method for Early and Accurate Detection of Renal Dysfunction
김효식 ; 박형천 ; 김정호 ; 정성필
Laboratory Medicine Online, Vol.1(4) : 179~183, 2011
Laboratory Medicine Online
BACKGROUND: Early detection of underlying renal dysfunction among emergency patients is important, particularly before imaging studies using contrast media. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated from creatinine values is useful in situations requiring rapid evaluation and detection of renal impairment. METHODS: We evaluated the concordance of eGFR determined using the whole blood creatinine test by Nova CCX (Cr-CCX WB; Nova Biomedical, USA) method and the serum creatinine test by Roche Integra 800 (Cr-RE Serum; Roche Diagnostics, Switzerland) enzymatic method, which is known to be traceable to the isotope dilution mass spectrometric (ID-MS) reference method. RESULTS: Compared to Cr-RE Serum (x), Cr-CCX WB (y) showed good correlation but unacceptable total error and negative proportional bias (Deming regression, y=0.92x+0.02; r=0.98; n=61). However, when we adjusted the Cr-CCX WB values with a new slope and offset derived from the Deming regression analysis with Cr-RE Serum, the concordance rate improved from 0.77 to 0.93 (as measured by kappa statistics), and total errors became acceptable except at 1 level. When we used the ID-MS traceable eGFR formula, the Nova CCX demonstrated sufficient sensitivity (93.5%) and specificity (100%) for the detection of renal dysfunction (eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) in patients. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that if we adjusted the harmonizing factors of Nova CCX according to the ID-MS traceable method, then the Nova CCX might be a relatively accurate point-of-care creatinine analyzer for detecting renal dysfunction among patients undergoing urgent imaging studies with radiological contrast media.