Value of preoperative pulmonary function test in flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis surgery
Hyon Su Chong ; Eun Su Moon ; Hak Sun Kim ; Yong Sang Kim ; Sung Hwan Moon ; Hwan Mo Lee ; Phillip Anthony B. Kho ; Do Yeon Kim ; Jin Oh Park
Spine, Vol.36(21) : E1391~E1394, 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative pulmonary function test (PFT) for postoperative pulmonary complications and to identify the operability associated with severely decreased forced vital capacity (FVC) (<30%) status in flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The preoperative PFT, especially more than 30% FVC, is known as a critical factor for the operability of flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis. But only one study reported that patients with pre-existing respiratory failure on nocturnal noninvasive ventilation can undergo an operation for deformity correction without mortality and severe complications.
METHODS: A total of 74 patients (45 male and 29 female) presented with flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis. For all patients, preoperative PFTs were evaluated and subdivided into three groups (<30% FVC, 30%-50% FVC, and >50% FVC). Then postoperative pulmonary complications, pneumothorax, pneumonia, atelectasis, prolonged ventilator care in the intensive care unit (more than 72 hours), and postoperative tracheostomy were evaluated.
RESULTS: Among these patients, 59 had muscular dystrophy; 5, spinal muscular atrophy; 2, cerebral palsy; and 8, others. The mean age at surgery was 16.8 years (range, 5-32 years). The mean preoperative Cobb angle was 54.6° (16°-135°). The overall postoperative pulmonary complication rate was 31% (23 complications in 74 patients). The less than 30% FVC group had 6 complications among 18 patients; the 30% to 50% FVC group had 7 complications among 18 patients; and the more than 50% FVC group had 10 complications among 38 patients. There were no deaths during the perioperative period. There is no statistical difference between the three groups (P = 0.6195).
CONCLUSION: Patients with flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis can undergo an operation for deformity correction regardless of the severely decreased pulmonary function.