Acute promyelocytic leukemia with complex translocation t(5;17;15)(q35;q21;q22): case report and review of the literature.
Sung Ran Cho ; Seo-Jin Park ; Jun Eun Park ; Hyun Joo Jung ; Jong Rak Choi ; Il Joong Park ; Hyon J. Kim
Journal of Pediatric Hematology oncology , Vol.33(7) : e326-9, 2011
Journal of Pediatric Hematology oncology
The t(15;17)(q22;q21), resulting in PML-RARA fusion gene, is a characteristic chromosomal translocation in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We report a pediatric APL case with a 3-way translocation: t(5;17;15)(q35;q21;q22). Complete blood cell counts of a 12-year-old girl, of pale appearance, showed pancytopenia with increased blasts. Morphology and immunophenotype of the leukemic cells were compatible with APL. Karyotype analysis showed t(5;17;15)(q35;q21;q22) and add(7)(q32). We detected the PML-RARA fusion gene by both reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis. The patient underwent successful treatment with cytarabine with all-trans retinoic acid and anthracycline-based therapy.