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Evaluation of neointimal morphology of lesions with or without in-stent restenosis: an optical coherence tomography study.

 장양수 ; 최동훈 ; 홍명기 ; 고영국 ; 김병극 ; 김중선 ; 이성주 
 Clinical Cardiology, Vol.34(10) : 633~639, 2011 
Journal Title
 Clinical Cardiology 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Characterization of neointimal tissue is essential to understand the pathophysiology of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), we compared the morphologic characteristics of in-stent neointimal tissue from 33 ISR lesions with those of 192 non-ISR lesions after DES implantation. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the morphologic characteristics of in-stent neointimal tissue from ISR lesions were different from those of non-ISR lesions after DES implantation. METHODS: The DES were coated with sirolimus (n=52), paclitaxel (n=57), zotarolimus (n=84), or everolimus (n=32). In-stent restenosis was defined as ≥50% diameter stenosis at the follow-up angiogram. Lesions with ≥10% neointimal burden ([neointima area × 100]/[stent area]), as determined by OCT, were included in this study. A follow-up OCT (mean follow-up duration, 12.0 ± 10.5 mo) was performed in 209 patients with 225 lesions (ISR lesions, n=33; non-ISR lesions, n=192). Qualitative OCT was used to assess tissue structure, backscatter, visible microvessels, and presence of intraluminal material. RESULTS: The following characteristics were more common in ISR lesions than in non-ISR lesions: heterogeneous or layered tissues (78.8% vs 22.9%, P<0.001), low backscatter (60.6% vs 20.8%, P<0.001), and microvessels (48.5% vs 5.7%, P<0.001). The independent predictors for heterogeneous or layered neointimal tissues were increased neointima burden (odds ratio [OR]: 1.218, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.096-1.354, P<0.001), lumen area (OR: 4.672, 95% CI: 1.371-15.914, P = 0.014), and hypertension (OR: 0.415, 95% CI: 0.186-0.926, P = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: This follow-up OCT study demonstrated that morphologic characteristics of neointimal tissues of ISR lesions differ from those of non-ISR lesions.
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1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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