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Segmental difference of the hepatic fibrosis from chronic viral hepatitis due to hepatitis B versus C virus infection: comparison using dual contrast material-enhanced MRI.

Authors
 김기황 ; 김주희 ; 유정식 ; 정재준 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Radiology, Vol.12(4) : 431~438, 2011 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Radiology 
ISSN
 1229-6929 
Issue Date
2011
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to identify the geographic differences in hepatic fibrosis and their associations with the atrophy-hypertrophy complex in patients with chronic viral hepatitis using the dual-contrast material-enhanced MRI (DC-MRI) with gadopentetate dimeglumine and ferucarbotran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with chronic C (n = 22) and B-viral hepatitis (n = 35) were enrolled for determining the subjective grade of fibrosis (the extent and thickness of fibrotic reticulations) in the right lobe (RL), the caudate lobe (CL), the medial segment (MS) and the lateral segment (LS) of the liver, with using a 5-grade scale, on the gradient echo T2(*)-weighted images of DC-MRI. The fibrosis grades of different segments were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by post-hoc analysis to establish the segment-by-segment differences. The incidences of two pre-established morphologic signs of cirrhosis were also compared with each other between the two groups of patients. RESULTS: There were significant intersegmental differences in fibrosis grades of the C-viral group (p = 0.005), and the CL showed lower fibrosis grades as compared with the grades of the RL and MS, whereas all lobes were similarly affected in the B-viral group (p = 0.221). The presence of a right posterior hepatic notch was significantly higher in the patients with intersegmental differences of fibrosis between the RL and the CL (19 out of 25, 76%) than those without such differences (6 out of 32, 19%) (p < 0.001). An expanded gallbladder fossa showed no significant relationship (p = 0.327) with the segmental difference of the fibrosis grades between the LS and the MS. CONCLUSION: The relative lack of fibrosis in the CL with more advanced fibrosis in the RL can be a distinguishing feature to differentiate chronic C-viral hepatitis from chronic B-viral hepatitis and this is closely related to the presence of a right posterior hepatic notch
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/93556
DOI
10.3348/kjr.2011.12.4.431
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Radiology
Yonsei Authors
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