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Molecular Subtypes and Tumor Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients with Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Title
 Molecular Subtypes and Tumor Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients with Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Authors
 Kim S.I; Sohn J.b.; Park B.W.; Park H.S.; Park S.H.; Koo J.S.
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
 Oncology
ISSN
 0030-2414
Citation
 Oncology , Vol.79(5-6) : 324~330, 2011
Abstract
Objective: Pathologic complete response (pCR) is the most predictive factor for patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and we investigated the rate of pCR according to molecular subtypes defined by immunohistochemical staining. Methods: Our subjects comprised 257 breast cancer patients who received 3 cycles of anthracycline/taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The patients were classified into 4 subtypes: luminal A, luminal B, HER2 and triple negative. We analyzed the pCR rate and treatment outcome according to these subtypes. Results: Of a total of 257 patients, the pCR rate of luminal A, luminal B, HER2 and triple negative was 3.9, 5.0, 10.5 and 21.1%, respectively (p = 0.001). The 5-year disease-free survival of the pCR group (88.4%) was higher than that of the non-pCR group (65.6%), but it was not significant (p = 0.228). Among patients who have residual disease, the 5-year disease-free survival of luminal A, luminal B, HER2 and triple negative was 64.0, 65.7, 75.2 and 66.5%, respectively (p = 0.243). Triple negative and HER2 subtypes are more sensitive to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion: To increase the pCR rate, type-specific approaches according to subtypes, such as an addition of trastuzumab, increasing the number of cycles or a novel regimen, should be considered.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/92838
DOI
10.1159/000322192
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Pathology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/322192
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