The effects of statin monotherapy and low-dose statin/ezetimibe on lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A₂
Sang-Hak Lee ; Seok-Min Kang ; Donghoon Choi ; Namsik Chung ; Yangsoo Jang ; Sungha Park
Clinical Cardiology, Vol.34(2) : 108~112, 2011
BACKGROUND: Many of the pleiotropic effects of statins remain to be elucidated.
HYPOTHESIS: Different statin regimens with similar lipid-lowering efficacy may have different effects on biomarkers of atherothrombosis including lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A₂ (Lp-PLA₂ ).
METHODS: After a 4-week dietary lead-in, 82 hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment groups: atorvastatin 20 mg or atorvastatin/ezetimibe 5 mg/5 mg. After 8 weeks of drug treatment, the groups were compared for percent change in lipid parameters, Lp-PLA₂ , interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and fibrinogen.
RESULTS: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering was comparable between the 2 groups (-47% ± 11% and -49% ± 7% in the atorvastatin and combination groups, respectively). Although Lp-PLA₂ was reduced in both groups, the reduction was greater in the atorvastatin group (-42% and -9% [median], respectively, P = 0.03). Although IL-6 was decreased only in the atorvastatin group, IL-6 changes were not significantly different between the 2 groups. The changes in monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and fibrinogen were similar in each group.
CONCLUSIONS: Atorvastatin monotherapy was stronger at reducing plasma Lp-PLA₂ than the low-dose atorvastatin/ezetimibe combination after equivalent LDL-C lowering. This result may provide evidence of potential statin effects beyond the lowering of LDL-C.