The ankle impingement syndrome is an established cause of ankle dysfunction. In most cases with suspected ankle impingement, the diagnosis can be possible on the basis of mechanism of injury involved and the clinical examination. An appropriate imaging study should be selected where clinical doubt about the exact diagnosis exists. Radiography plays an important role in the initial assessment of these conditions, especially in anterior and posterior impingement. Magnetic resonance arthrography seems to be the most accurate means of assessing the capsular abnormalities present in anterolateral and anteromedial impingement and for confirmation of possible concomitant injury. Surgical treatment can be considered for the patients who did not respond to conservative treatment for more than 6 months, and has a low complication rate and a high level of success.