Recurrent Esophageal Stricture Caused by Candidiasis in an HIV-Infected Patient
대한내과학회지, Vol.82(2) : 247~251, 2012
Esophageal candidiasis is a common opportunistic infection that develops in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. It is usually effectively treated with fluconazole, and the occurrence of an esophageal stricture in association with esophageal candidiasis has rarely been reported in HIV-infected patients. In the case presented here, a 49-year-old man was diagnosed with severe esophageal candidiasis with HIV infection. At the time of the HIV diagnosis, he had immunodeficient status with a CD4+ T lymphocyte count of 150 cells/mm3. He received antifungal treatment with fluconazole and combined antiretroviral therapy. Although the esophageal candidiasis improved with rapid recovery of the CD4+ T lymphocyte count, a recurrent esophageal stricture developed. To treat the recurrent esophageal stricture, the patient received repeated balloon dilatation and stent insertion. We report this rare case of severe esophageal stricture complication of esophageal candidiasis in an HIV-infected patient.