Surgical management of edentulous/atrophic mandibular fracture: a report of two cases
Jae-Seok Lim ; Jin-Il Kwon ; Hyung Jun Kim ; Bong Chul Kim
대한구강악안면외과학회지, Vol.38(1) : 50~54, 2012
According to Luhr's classification, a fracture in the mandible with a width of less than 15-20 mm is considered to be an atrophic mandibular fracture and its incidence is very rare. Because of the reduced cross-sectional area and smaller contact area of the fractured ends as well as the poorly vascularized bony structure and delayed bone healing, an atrophic mandibular fracture is a great challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Surgeons tend to perform closed reduction, because open reduction is considered a non-life-saving surgery among elderly patients. Thus, most of them have limited experience in surgical management. According to recent reports, open reduction yields a good result, and the Association for Osteosynthesis (AO) group has recommended open reduction. This is a case report of our two experiences of open reduction and rigid fixation of atrophic mandibular fractures by the AO principle. Articles were also reviewed here.