Clinical features of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome in the emergency department
Je Sung You ; Min Joung Kim ; Hahn Shick Lee ; Seungho Kim ; Sung Phil Chung ; Incheol Park ; Yong Eun Chung ; Hyun Soo Chung
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.53(4) : 753~758, 2012
Yonsei Medical Journal
PURPOSE: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome (FHCS) is a clinical entity characterized by inflammation of the liver capsule associated with genital tract infection. The aim of this study is to provide physicians with clinical suggestions for diagnostic approaches based on a series of patients who were diagnosed with FHCS.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were diagnosed with FHCS after presenting to the emergency department (ED). The symptoms, physical examinations, laboratory findings, radiological findings, and progress of the patients were reviewed.
RESULTS: During the four-year study period, a total of 82 female patients received a final diagnosis of FHCS in the ED. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified as a pathogen in 89% of the patients. Their clinical characteristics and laboratory findings were described. Fifty-two patients (63.4%) were admitted to the hospital. All of the admitted patients improved after treatment combining antibiotic therapy with conservative care.
CONCLUSION: FHCS should be considered as a differential diagnosis for female patients of childbearing age with right upper abdominal pain. Timely diagnosis using biphasic computed tomography (CT) with arterial and portal phases may help ensure adequate medical treatment as well as avoid invasive procedures.