Acute variceal hemorrhage in patients with liver cirrhosis: weekend versus weekday admissions
Sun Jeong Byun ; Seung Up Kim ; Sang Hoon Ahn ; Chae Yoon Chon ; Kwang Hyub Han ; Do Young Kim ; Beom Kyung Kim ; Jun Yong Park
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.53(2) : 318~327, 2012
Yonsei Medical Journal
PURPOSE: Little is known about the impact of weekend admission on acute variceal hemorrhage (AVH). Thus, we investigated whether day of admission due to AVH influenced in-hospital mortality.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 294 patients with cirrhosis admitted between January 2005 and February 2009 for the management of AVH. Clinical characteristics were compared between patients with weekend and weekday admission, and independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality were determined by multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: No demographic differences were observed between patients according to admission day or in the clinical course during hospitalization. Seventeen (23.0%) of 74 patients with weekend admission and 48 (21.8%) of 220 with weekday admission died during hospitalization (p=0.872). Univariate and subsequent multivariate analysis showed that initial presentation with hematochezia [p=0.042; hazard ratio (HR), 2.605; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.038-6.541], in-patient status at the time of bleeding (p=0.003; HR, 4.084; 95% CI, 1.598-10.435), Child-Pugh score (p<0.001; HR, 1.877; 95% CI, 1.516-2.324), and number of endoscopy sessions for complete hemostasis (p=0.001; HR, 3.864; 95% CI, 1.802-8.288) were independent predictors for in-hospital mortality.
CONCLUSION: Weekend admission did not influence in-hospital mortality in patients with cirrhosis who presented AVH.