Genistein Suppresses Prostate Cancer Growth through Inhibition of Oncogenic MicroRNA-151
Takeshi Chiyomaru ; Soichiro Yamamura ; Rajvir Dahiya ; Masayuki Nakagawa ; Hideki Enokida ; Z. Laura Tabatabai ; Yuichiro Tanaka ; Inik Chang ; Koji Ueno ; Hiroshi Hirata ; Sharanjot Saini ; Varahram Shahryari ; Guoren Deng ; Shahana Majid ; Mohd Saif Zaman
PLoS One, Vol.7(8) : e43812~e43812, 2012
Genistein has been shown to suppress the growth of several cancers through modulation of various pathways. However, the effects of genistein on the regulation of oncogenic microRNA-151 (miR-151) have not been reported. In this study, we investigated whether genistein could alter the expression of oncogenic miR-151 and its target genes that are involved in the progression and metastasis of prostate cancer (PCa). Real-time RT-PCR showed that the expression of miR-151 was higher in PC3 and DU145 cells compared with RWPE-1 cells. Treatment of PC3 and DU145 cells with 25 µM genistein down-regulated the expression of miR-151 compared with vehicle control. Inhibition of miR-151 in PCa cells by genistein significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion. In-silico analysis showed that several genes (CASZ1, IL1RAPL1, SOX17, N4BP1 and ARHGDIA) suggested to have tumor suppressive functions were target genes of miR-151. Luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-151 directly binds to specific sites on the 3′UTR of target genes. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that the mRNA expression levels of the five target genes in PC3 and DU145 were markedly changed with miR-151 mimics and inhibitor. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests revealed that high expression levels of miR-151 had an adverse effect on survival rate. This study suggests that genistein mediated suppression of oncogenic miRNAs can be an important dietary therapeutic strategy for the treatment of PCa.