The role of VEGF and KDR polymorphisms in moyamoya disease and collateral revascularization
Young Seok Park ; Young Joo Jeon ; Nam Keun Kim ; Dong-Seok Kim ; Joong-Uhn Choi ; Tae Gon Kim ; Ok-Joon Kim ; Won-Chan Kim ; Hyun Sook Kim ; In Bo Han ; Seung-Hun Oh ; Kyu Young Chae ; Hyun Seok Kim
PLoS One, Vol.7(10) : e47158, 2012
We conducted a case-control study to investigate whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF -2578, -1154, -634, and 936) and kinase insert domain containing receptor (KDR -604, 1192, and 1719) polymorphisms are associated with moyamoya disease. Korean patients with moyamoya disease (n = 107, mean age, 20.9±15.9 years; 66.4% female) and 243 healthy control subjects (mean age, 23.0±16.1 years; 56.8% female) were included. The subjects were divided into pediatric and adult groups. Among the 64 surgical patients, we evaluated collateral vessel formation after 2 years and divided patients into good (collateral grade A) or poor (collateral grade B and C) groups. The frequencies and distributions of four VEGF (-2578, -1154, -634, and 936) and KDR (-604, 1192, and 1719) polymorphisms were assessed from patients with moyamoya disease and compared to the control group. No differences were observed in VEGF -2578, -1154, -634, and 936 or KDR -604, 1192, and 1719 polymorphisms between the control group and moyamoya disease group. However, we found the -634CC genotype occurred less frequently in the pediatric moyamoya group (p = 0.040) whereas the KDR -604C/1192A/1719T haplotype increased the risk of pediatric moyamoya (p = 0.024). Patients with the CC genotype of VEGF -634 had better collateral vessel formation after surgery. Our results suggest that the VEGF -634G allele is associated with pediatric moyamoya disease and poor collateral vessel formation.