Krüppel-like factor KLF8 plays a critical role in adipocyte differentiation
Haemi Lee ; Hyo Jung Kim ; Jae-woo Kim ; Hyemin Lee ; Hyeonjin Choi ; Min-Young Lee ; Yoo Jeong Lee
PLoS One, Vol.7(12) : e52474, 2012
KLF8 (Krüppel-like factor 8) is a zinc-finger transcription factor known to play an essential role in the regulation of the cell cycle, apoptosis, and differentiation. However, its physiological roles and functions in adipogenesis remain unclear. In the present study, we show that KLF8 acts as a key regulator controlling adipocyte differentiation. In 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, we found that KLF8 expression was induced during differentiation, which was followed by expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα). Adipocyte differentiation was significantly attenuated by the addition of siRNA against KLF8, whereas overexpression of KLF8 resulted in enhanced differentiation. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that overexpression of KLF8 induced PPARγ2 and C/EBPα promoter activity, suggesting that KLF8 is an upstream regulator of PPARγ and C/EBPα. The KLF8 binding sites were localized by site mutation analysis to -191 region in C/EBPα promoter and -303 region in PPARγ promoter, respectively. Taken together, these data reveal that KLF8 is a key component of the transcription factor network that controls terminal differentiation during adipogenesis.