Parent-reported ISAAC written questionnaire may underestimate the prevalence of asthma in children aged 10-12 years
Myoung Hee Kim ; Ji-Won Kwon ; Soo-Jong Hong ; Ho Kim ; Yee-Jin Shin ; Kyu-Earn Kim ; Hye-Mi Ji ; Kyoung-Won Kim ; So Yeon Lee ; Byeong-Ju Kim ; Woo-Kyung Kim ; Jinho Yu ; Younghwa Song ; Hyo Bin Kim
Pediatric Pulmonology, Vol.47(1) : 36~43, 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the validity of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) written (WQ) and audiovisual questionnaires (AVQ 3.0) in two age-groups (10-12 and 13-15 years, respectively).
METHODS: The 13-15 year olds performed the self-completed the WQ and AVQ on the same day. The 10-12 year olds performed the self-completed the AVQ and the parent-completed WQ was completed by their parents. The methacholine challenge test was conducted in 10-12 year olds from one elementary school.
RESULTS: In 10-12 year olds, the AVQ detected a generally higher prevalence of asthma symptoms than WQ. In 13-15 year olds, this was reversed. In 10-12 year olds, poor agreement was found between the parent-completed WQ and the self-reported AVQ. In 13-15 year olds, moderate agreement was found between the self-reported WQ and AVQ. Low sensitivity was found, in predicting bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) for all questions of both WQ and AVQ in 10-12 year olds. However, the AVQ had slightly higher sensitivity than WQ, with the exception of wheeze ever, although it was not statistically significant.
CONCLUSION: The ISAAC AVQ may be another effective instrument for assessing the prevalence of asthma symptoms in children aged 10-12 years, whereas the parent-reported-WQ may underestimate the prevalence of asthma symptoms in this age-group.