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Gastric tumor development in Smad3-deficient mice initiates from forestomach/glandular transition zone along the lesser curvature

Title
 Gastric tumor development in Smad3-deficient mice initiates from forestomach/glandular transition zone along the lesser curvature
Authors
 Ki Taek Nam; Ryan O’Neal; James R. Goldenring; Robert J. Coffey; Yong Chan Lee; Yeo Song Lee
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
 Laboratory Investigation
ISSN
 0023-6837
Citation
 Laboratory Investigation, Vol.92(6) : 883~895, 2012
Abstract
SMAD proteins are downstream effectors of the TGF-β signaling pathway. Smad3-null mice develop colorectal cancer by 6 months of age. In this study, we have examined whether the loss of Smad3 promotes gastric neoplasia in mice. The stomachs of Smad3⁻/⁻ mice were compared with age-matched Smad3 heterozygous and wild-type mice. E-cadherin, Ki-67, phosphoSTAT3, and TFF2/SP expression was analyzed by immunohistochemisty. The short hairpin RNA (ShRNA)-mediated knockdown of Smad3 in AGS and MKN28 cells was also performed. In addition, we examined alterations in DCLK1-expressing cells. Smad3⁻/⁻ mouse stomachs at 6 months of age revealed the presence of exophytic growths along the lesser curvature in the proximal fundus. Six-month-old Smad3⁻/⁻ mouse stomachs showed metaplastic columnar glands initiating from the transition zone junction between the forestomach and the glandular epithelium along the lesser curvature. Ten-month-old Smad3⁻/⁻ mice all exhibited invasive gastric neoplastic changes with increased Ki-67, phosphoSTAT3 expression, and aberrant cytosolic E-cadherin staining in papillary glands within the invading submucosal gland. The shRNA-mediated knockdown of Smad3 in AGS and MKN28 cells promoted the expression of phosphoSTAT3. DCLK1-expressing cells, which also stained for the tuft cell marker acetylated-α-tubulin, were observed in 10-month-old Smad3⁻/⁻ mice within tumors and in fundic invasive lesions. In conclusion, Smad3-null mice develop gastric tumors in the fundus, which arise from the junction between the forestomach and the glandular epithelium and progress to prominent invasive tumors over time. Smad3-null mice represent a novel model of fundic gastric tumor initiated from forestomach/glandular transition zone along the lesser curvature.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/91375
DOI
10.1038/labinvest.2012.47
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Life Science
Yonsei Authors
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