조현병 환자에서 다감각적 되먹임에 의한 원격현존감 특성 및
관련 신경 기전 : 기능자기공명영상 연구
Characteristics of Telepresence by Multisensory Feedback and Related Neural Mechanism in Patients with Schizophrenia : A Functional MRI Study.
한기완 ; 최수희 ; 김재진 ; 김선일 ; 이형래 ; 박일호
Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry (대한생물정신의학회지), Vol.19(3) : 121~127, 2012
Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry (대한생물정신의학회지)
OBJECTIVES: The multimodal telepresence systems have been adopted in a variety of applications, such as telemedicine, space or underwater teleoperation and videoconference. Multimedia, one of the telepresence systems, has been used in various fields including entertainment, education and communication. The degree of subjective telepresence is defined as the probability that a person perceives to be physically in the remote place when he/she experiences a multisensory feedback from the multimedia. The current study aimed to explore the neural mechanism of telepresence related to multisensory feedback in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Brain activity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging while fifteen healthy controls and fifteen patients with schizophrenia were experiencing filmed referential conversation at various distances (1 m, 5 m and 10 m). Correlations between the image contrast values and the telepresence scores were analyzed. RESULTS: Subjective telepresence was not significantly different between the two groups. Some significant correlations of brain activities with the telepresence scores were found in the left postcentral gyrus, bilateral inferior frontal gyri, right fusiform gyrus, and left superior temporal sulcus. There were no main effects of group and distance. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that patients with schizophrenia experience telepresence as appropriately as healthy people do when exposed to multimedia. Therefore, patients with schizophrenia would have no difficulty in immersing themselves in multimedia which may be used in clinical training therapies.