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Resolution of type 2 diabetes after gastrectomy for gastric cancer with long limb Roux-en Y reconstruction: a prospective pilot study

Authors
 Whan Sik Kim ; Jong Won Kim ; Seung Ho Choi ; Chul Woo Ahn 
Citation
 Journal of the Korean Surgical Society, Vol.84(2) : 88~93, 2013 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Surgical Society 
ISSN
 2233-7903 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
PURPOSE: It is unclear whether metabolic surgery is effective in non obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the result after gastrectomy and conventional reconstruction for gastric cancer with non obese T2DM are not satisfactory for improvement of T2DM. Prospective single-arm pilot study with long limb Roux-en Y reconstruction after gastrectomy was evaluated on its safety and efficacy as a potential cure for T2DM in patients with non obese gastric cancer. METHODS: Fifteen patients with non obese T2DM and gastric cancer were enrolled. After gastrectomy, the gastrointestinal tract was reconstructed by Roux-en Y gastrojejunostomy or esophagojejunostomy. The biliopancreatic and Roux limb were 100 to 120 cm long each. RESULTS: There was no surgery-related mortality, but four cases experienced complications (26.7%). Before surgery, the mean body mass index was 25.2 ± 3.4 kg/m(2) and mean glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was 7.7 ± 1.4% with antidiabetic medications. The mean BMI decreased to 21.7 ± 3.1 kg/m(2) (P < 0.05) and the mean HbA1c decreased to 6.3 ± 0.8% (P < 0.05) 6 months after surgery. At the end of the study (follow-up duration, 12.5 ± 5.5 months), HbA1c decreased to <6% in 11 patients (78.6%) without any antidiabetic medications. There were no patients who had anemia, and/or malnutrition after surgery except one patient who died due to recurrence four months after surgery. CONCLUSION: Long limb Roux-en Y reconstruction after gastrectomy is feasible and has the potential to cure T2DM in non obese gastric cancer patients. A randomized controlled trial is needed to confirm this result.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/91163
DOI
10.4174/jkss.2013.84.2.88
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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