Chromosomal cephalosporinase in Enterobacter hormaechei as an ancestor of ACT-1 plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase
Kyoung Ho Roh ; Wonkeun Song ; Yunsop Chong ; Kyungwon Lee ; Dongeun Yong ; Jong Sik Chun ; Ha Na Yi ; Jong Hwa Yum ; Yang Soon Lee ; Hae-Sun Chung
Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol.61(pt 1) : 94~100, 2012
Journal of Medical Microbiology
In this study of the diversity of AmpC β-lactamase in clinical isolates of Enterobacter spp., a strain was found carrying the plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase ACT-1 gene on its chromosome. The strain was identified as Enterobacter hormaechei using phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA and hsp60 genes. In addition, the species was confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridization. The genetic environment of the bla(ACT-1) gene was characterized, including the ampR and ampG genes, using a two-step PCR. The amino acid sequences of AmpR at serine 35, arginine 86, glycine 102, aspartic acid 135 and tyrosine 264 were conserved. Measurement of the transcription level of the bla(ACT-1) gene using real-time quantitative PCR showed that it increased 1.98-fold following cefoxitin induction. These results suggest that the plasmid-mediated bla(ACT-1) gene originated from the chromosome of E. hormaechei.