Investigation of critical shear stress with simultaneous measurement of electrical impedance, capacitance and light backscattering.
Byoung-Kwon Lee ; Jae-yong Ko ; Sehyun Shin ; Jeong-Hun Nam ; Hyun-jung Lim
Clinical Hemorheology and MICROCirculation, Vol.51(3) : 203~212, 2012
Clinical Hemorheology and MICROCirculation
Recent electrical investigation of hemorheology provided useful information on the kinetics of red blood cell (RBC) aggregation. However, because of the inconsistent results in the electrical measurements, we need to understand the electrical characteristics of RBC aggregation at various flow conditions. In the present study, AC electrical-capacitance (EC) and -impedance (EI) and light backscattering (LB) were simultaneously measured for transient shear-decreasing blood flow in a microchannel. EI, EC and LB signals of RBCs in plasma show similar time-varying curves, both yielding either a peak or a minimal point in the optimal frequency range (10~500 kHz). Critical shear stress (CSS) determined from EC showed the nearly same results as that determined from LB, with yielding hematocrits-independence and dextran-concentration dependence. However, the high concentration of fibrinogen caused electrical saturation, which resulted in different results of CSS determined from between LB and EC. These results suggest that electrical properties of RBC suspensions should be further examined to replace the optical method of measurement of RBC aggregation