Inhibition of Akt/FOXO3a signaling by constitutively active FOXO3a suppresses growth of follicular thyroid cancer cell lines.
Zhen-Yu Hong ; Hyeon Jung Lee ; Eun Jig Lee ; MiRan Seo ; Suk Kyoung Kim ; Dong Yeob Shin
Cancer Letters, Vol.314(1) : 34~40, 2012
Akt-dependent FOXO3a cytoplasmic translocation is an important tumorigenic mechanism for escaping from apoptosis in cancer cells. In the present study, we examined whether non-phosphorylatable FOXO3a can inhibit cell growth of various follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) cell lines. Adenovirus carrying the FOXO3a-triple mutant (TM) sequence including point mutations at three Akt phosphorylation sites (Ad-FOXO3a-TM) was generated and transduced to the cells to mimic inhibition of Akt/FOXO3a signal. Transduction of Ad-FOXO3a-TM to FTC133 cells induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Injection of Ad-FOXO3a-TM suppressed the growth of xenograft tumors in athymic mice. Consequently, our results indicate that gene therapy based on Ad-FOXO3a-TM has therapeutic potential for FTC.