Cited 0 times in

Effects of single-dose dexmedetomidine on the quality of recovery after modified radical mastectomy: a randomised contraolled trial

Title
Effects of single-dose dexmedetomidine on the quality of recovery after modified radical mastectomy: a randomised contraolled trial
Authors
Kim S. H.;Oh Y. J.;Choi Y. S.;Sim J.;Park B. W.
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Minerva Anestesiologica
ISSN
0375-9393
Citation
Minerva Anestesiologica, Vol.79(11) : 1248~1258, 2013
Abstract
Background: Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2 agonist with analgesic, anxiolytic, and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the effect of a single dose of dexmedetomidine on patient-perceived quality of recovery and clinical recovery variables after modified radical mastectomy under general anesthesia in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, ninety two female patients were randomly allocated to receive intravenously either saline (Group C, N.=46) or 0.5 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine (Group D, N.=46) five min before the end of surgery. The quality of recovery was assessed using a 40-item quality-of-recovery scoring system (QoR-40) preoperatively and 24 h after surgery. Pain intensity, rescue analgesics, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) were assessed at postanesthesia care unit (PACU), 1-6 h, and 6-24 h after surgery. Results: Postoperative global QoR-40 scores were higher in Group D compared with Group C (181 [175-187] vs. 174 [154.5-181.5], P=0.004); postoperative QoR-40 scores were improved in the dimensions of emotional state, physical comfort, and psychological support. Total amount of tramadol during 24 h after surgery was significantly lower in Group D than in Group C (54 vs. 76 mg, P=0.006). The incidence of PONV was lower in Group D than in Group C in PACU (21% vs. 43%, P=0.026) and 6-24 h period after surgery (10% vs. 41%, P=0.012). Heart rate and mean blood pressure were significantly lower in Group D as compared with Group C at 5 min after administration of dexmedetomidine, 1 min after extubation, and 20 min after arrival in PACU. Conclusion: The use of a single dose dexmedetomidine improved the quality of recovery and reduced analgesic requirements and the incidence of PONV in the early postoperative period after modified radical mastectomy.
URI
http://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/minerva-anestesiologica/article.php?cod=R02Y2013N11A1248

http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88647
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
사서에게 알리기
  feedback
Files in This Item:
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse