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Application of negative pressure wound therapy in patients with wound dehiscence after abdominal open surgery: a single center experience

Title
Application of negative pressure wound therapy in patients with wound dehiscence after abdominal open surgery: a single center experience
Authors
Ji Young Jang;Hongjin Shim;Jae Gil Lee;Seung Hwan Lee;Yun Jin Lee
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society
ISSN
2233-7903
Citation
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society, Vol.85(4) : 180~184, 2013
Abstract
Purpose Since the 1990's, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used to treat soft tissue defects, burn wounds, and to achieve skin graft fixation. In the field of abdominal surgery, the application of NPWT is increasing in cases with an open abdominal wound requiring temporary wound closure and a second look operation. In the present study, the authors analyzed patients that underwent NPWT for postoperative wound dehiscence. Methods The computerized records of patients that had undergone an abdominal operation from November 2009 to May 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Results The number of total enrolled patients was 50, and 30 patients (60%) underwent an emergency operation. Diagnoses were as follows: panperitonitis or intra-abdominal abscess (24 cases, 48%), intestinal obstruction (10 cases, 20%), cancer (7 cases, 14%), mesentery ischemia (3 cases, 6%), and hemoperitoneum (1 case, 2%). NPWT was applied at a mean of 12.9 ± 8.2 days after surgery and mean NPWT duration was 17.9 days (2 to 96 days). The 11 patients (22%) with unsuccessful wound closure had a deeper and more complex wound than the other 39 patients (78%) (90.9% vs. 38.5%, P = 0.005). There were two complication cases (4%) due to delayed wound healing. Conclusion Most patients recovered well due to granulation formation and suturing. NPWT was found to be convenient and safe, but a prospective comparative study is needed to confirm the usefulness of NPWT in patients whose wounds are dehisced.
URI

http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87906
DOI
10.4174/jkss.2013.85.4.180
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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