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Noncommunicable Diseases: Current Status of Major Modifiable Risk Factors in Korea

Authors
 Hyeon Chang Kim ; Sun Min Oh 
Citation
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.46(4) : 165~172, 2013 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 
ISSN
 1975-8375 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
A noncommunicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is by definition non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. Currently, NCDs are the leading causes of death and disease burden worldwide. The four main types of NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, and diabetes, result in more than 30 million deaths annually. To reduce the burden of NCDs on global health, current public health actions stress the importance of preventing, detecting, and correcting modifiable risk factors; controlling major modifiable risk factors has been shown to effectively reduce NCD mortality. The World Health Organization's World Health Report 2002 identified tobacco use, alcohol consumption, overweight, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol as the most important risk factors for NCDs. Accordingly, the present report set out to review the prevalence and trends of these modifiable risk factors in the Korean population. Over the past few decades, we observed significant risk factor modifications of improved blood pressure control and decreased smoking rate. However, hypertension and cigarette smoking remained the most contributable factors of NCDs in the Korean population. Moreover, other major modifiable risk factors show no improvement or even worsened. The current status and trends in major modifiable risk factors reinforce the importance of prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors in reducing the burden of NCDs on individuals and society.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87852
DOI
10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.4.165
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Preventive Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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