Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol.117(39) : 20371~20375, 2013
The conducting polymer polyaniline (PANI) has a wide range of optoelectronic applications due to its unique electronic and optical characteristics. Although extensive works have been performed to understand the equilibrium properties, the nature of the charge type that governs its nonequilibrium optical response has been barely understood; a number of studies have debated the nature of photogenerated charge type in PANI, specifically whether it is polaron or exciton based. Here, we report experimental evidence that the charge relaxation dynamics of PANI are dominated by excitons. Utilizing ultrafast spin-resolved pump–probe spectroscopy, we observed that PANI charge dynamics are strongly spin-polarized, exhibiting a spin Pauli-blocking effect. Investigations including both spin-independent and spin-dependent dynamics reveal that there is no spin-flip process involved in charge relaxation. This provides compelling evidence of an exciton-dominated photoresponse in PANI.