Endoscopic management of anastomotic leakage after gastrectomy for gastric cancer: how efficacious is it?
Yu Jin Kim ; Sung Kwan Shin ; Sang Kil Lee ; Choong Bae Kim ; Sung Hoon Noh ; Woo Jin Hyung ; Jun Chul Park ; Yong Chan Lee ; Hyun Soo Chung ; Hyun Jung Lee
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol.48(1) : 111~118, 2013
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Background. Anastomotic leak is a dreadful complication with a high mortality rate. The authors aimed to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic closure of anastomotic dehiscence after gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer. Methods. The authors retrospectively reviewed 33 patients with anastomotic leakage who had underdone endoscopic treatment among 5249 patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical total or subtotal gastrectomy. Methods of endoscopic closure included clipping with or without detachable snare, fibrosealant, Histoacryl® or stent insertion. Results of endoscopic treatment were categorized as complete, partial closure and failure. Results. The size of the tissue defect was the only factor that had statistically significant differences among the cases with complete closure, partial closure and failure (p = 0.005). For tissue defects smaller than 2 cm in size, complete closure was achieved in 19 (73.1%), partial closure in 5 patients (19.2%) and 2 failed (7.6%). For those larger than 2 cm in size, one (14.3%) was completely closed, four (57.1%) were partially closed and two (28.6%) failed. Conclusions. Endoscopic treatment for anastomotic dehiscence smaller than 2 cm in size had excellent success rate in this study.