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Posture Management Program Based on Theory of Planned Behavior for Adolescents with Mild Idiopathic Scoliosis

Title
 Posture Management Program Based on Theory of Planned Behavior for Adolescents with Mild Idiopathic Scoliosis 
Authors
 Jihea Choi ; Hee Soon Kim ; Kyong-Mee Chung ; Hye-Seon Jeon ; Hyejung Lee ; Gwang Suk Kim 
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
 Asian Nursing Research 
ISSN
 1976-1317 
Citation
 Asian Nursing Research, Vol.7(3) : 120~127, 2013 
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a devised posture management program based on the Theory of Planned Behavior in adolescents with mild idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted. It involved a nonequivalent comparison group design with pretest and posttest. Forty-four female adolescents with mild idiopathic scoliosis participated; data from 35 participants (20 for the test group, 15 for the control group) were used for the final analyses. The devised posture management program ran for 6 weeks. Posture management behavioral determinants (attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention) as cognitive outcomes and muscular strength and flexibility as physical outcomes were measured three times: at baseline, week 6 and week 8. Cobb's angle as another physical outcome was measured twice: at baseline and week 8. Descriptive analysis, repeated measures analysis of variance and t test were used for data analyses. RESULTS: Attitude, perceived control, and behavioral intention were consistently enhanced by the posture management program. The intervention increased flexibility and muscular strength and decreased Cobb's angle, which reduced spinal curvature. Frequency of posture management exercise showed a gradual increase in the test group. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the posture management program is effective in maintaining posture management behavior in adolescents with mild idiopathic scoliosis for both cognitive and physical outcomes. The posture management program should be helpful in expanding the role of school nurses in improving the health status of adolescents with mild idiopathic scoliosis.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87727
DOI
10.1016/j.anr.2013.07.001
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 3. College of Nursing > Dept. of Clinical Nursing
1. 연구논문 > 3. College of Nursing > Dept. of Family Health Care
Yonsei Authors
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