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LOXL2 expression is associated with invasiveness and negatively influences survival in breast cancer patients.

Title
LOXL2 expression is associated with invasiveness and negatively influences survival in breast cancer patients.
Authors
Sung Gwe Ahn;Seung Myung Dong;Jeffrey E. Green;Hy-De Lee;Joon Jeong;Jae Myun Lee;Ji-hae Lee;Seung-hyun Kwon;Seung Ah Lee;Hak Min Lee;Woo Ho Kim;Akira Oshima
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
ISSN
0167-6806
Citation
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, Vol.141(1) : 89~99, 2013
Abstract
Lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2) is associated with invasiveness and metastasis in breast cancer. We analyzed the prognostic impact of LOXL2 for breast cancer patients and investigated the role of LOXL2 in breast cancer cell lines. Immunohistochemical study of LOXL2 expression was done in samples from 309 patients. Survival analysis was performed using log-rank test and Cox regression hazard model. After identification of LOXL2 expression in breast cancer cell lines, we performed matrigel invasion and wound-healing assays with LOXL2-silenced cell lines. In the human study, LOXL2 was expressed in 16.2 % of patients. Comparing the LOXL2-positive versus negative groups, there was a significantly higher proportion of estrogen receptor-negative patients (54.0 vs. 37.0 %, respectively; p = 0.029) and triple-negative patients (34.0 vs. 18.0 %; p = 0.022) in the positive group. In multivariate analysis for overall survival and metastasis-free survival, positive LOXL2 was demonstrated as a poor prognostic factor (HR 2.27 and 2.10, respectively). In vitro study indicated that LOXL2 silencing induces a mesenchymal–epithelial transition-like process in basal cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and BT549) associated with decreased invasive and migratory properties. These clinical and preclinical data confirm that higher LOXL2 expression is associated with invasiveness of basal-like breast cancer cells and lower survival of breast cancer patients. Our results suggest the clinical value of LOXL2 as a therapeutic target in breast cancer.
URI
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10549-013-2662-3

http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87669
DOI
10.1007/s10549-013-2662-3
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Microbiology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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